Next Article in Journal
Dynamics of Dissolved and Particulate Polyunsaturated Aldehydes in Mesocosms Inoculated with Different Densities of the Diatom Skeletonema marinoi
Previous Article in Journal
Marine Carotenoids: Biological Functions and Commercial Applications
Mar. Drugs 2011, 9(3), 334-344; doi:10.3390/md9030334
Article

Cytotoxic and Antimicrobial Activity of Pseudopterosins and seco-Pseudopterosins Isolated from the Octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia Islands (Southwest Caribbean Sea)

1
,
2
,
1,*  and 3,*
Received: 8 February 2011 / Revised: 24 February 2011 / Accepted: 25 February 2011 / Published: 4 March 2011
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [313 KB, uploaded 24 February 2015]   |   Browse Figure

Abstract

To expand the potential of pseudopterosins and seco-pseudopterosins isolated from the octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia islands (southwest Caribbean Sea), we report the anti-microbial profile against four pathogenic microorganisms (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans) and report a more complete cytotoxic profile against five human cells lines (HeLa, PC-3, HCT116, MCF-7 and BJ) for the compounds PsG, PsP, PsQ, PsS, PsT, PsU, 3-O-acetyl-PsU, seco-PsJ, seco-PsK and IMNGD. For the cytotoxic profiles, all compounds evaluated showed moderate and non-selective activity against both tumor and normal cell lines, where PsQ and PsG were the most active compounds (GI50 values between 5.8 µM to 12.0 µM). With respect to their anti-microbial activity the compounds showed good and selective activity against the Gram-positive bacteria, while they did not show activity against the Gram-negative bacterium or yeast. PsU, PsQ, PsS, seco-PsK and PsG were the most active compounds (IC50 2.9–4.5 µM) against S. aureus and PsG, PsU and seco-PsK showed good activity (IC50 3.1–3.8 µM) against E. faecalis, comparable to the reference drug vancomycin (4.2 µM).
Keywords: marine natural products; pseudopterosins; seco-pseudopterosins; Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae; cytotoxic activity; antimicrobial activity marine natural products; pseudopterosins; seco-pseudopterosins; Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae; cytotoxic activity; antimicrobial activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Correa, H.; Aristizabal, F.; Duque, C.; Kerr, R. Cytotoxic and Antimicrobial Activity of Pseudopterosins and seco-Pseudopterosins Isolated from the Octocoral Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae of San Andrés and Providencia Islands (Southwest Caribbean Sea). Mar. Drugs 2011, 9, 334-344.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert