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Prebiotics from Marine Macroalgae for Human and Animal Health Applications
Eco-Innovation Research Centre, Department of Chemical and Life Sciences, Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland
Teagasc, Pig Development Unit, Moorepark Research Centre, Fermoy, County Cork, Ireland
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 May 2010; in revised form: 11 June 2010 / Accepted: 28 June 2010 / Published: 1 July 2010
Abstract: The marine environment is an untapped source of bioactive compounds. Specifically, marine macroalgae (seaweeds) are rich in polysaccharides that could potentially be exploited as prebiotic functional ingredients for both human and animal health applications. Prebiotics are non-digestible, selectively fermented compounds that stimulate the growth and/or activity of beneficial gut microbiota which, in turn, confer health benefits on the host. This review will introduce the concept and potential applications of prebiotics, followed by an outline of the chemistry of seaweed polysaccharides. Their potential for use as prebiotics for both humans and animals will be highlighted by reviewing data from both in vitro and in vivo studies conducted to date.
Keywords: marine macroalgae; polysaccharides; prebiotics; human and animal health
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
O’Sullivan, L.; Murphy, B.; McLoughlin, P.; Duggan, P.; Lawlor, P.G.; Hughes, H.; Gardiner, G.E. Prebiotics from Marine Macroalgae for Human and Animal Health Applications. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 2038-2064.
O’Sullivan L, Murphy B, McLoughlin P, Duggan P, Lawlor PG, Hughes H, Gardiner GE. Prebiotics from Marine Macroalgae for Human and Animal Health Applications. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(7):2038-2064.
O’Sullivan, Laurie; Murphy, Brian; McLoughlin, Peter; Duggan, Patrick; Lawlor, Peadar G.; Hughes, Helen; Gardiner, Gillian E. 2010. "Prebiotics from Marine Macroalgae for Human and Animal Health Applications." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 7: 2038-2064.