Next Article in Journal
Investigation of Pectenotoxin Profiles in the Yellow Sea (China) Using a Passive Sampling Technique
Next Article in Special Issue
Bacteriophages with Potential for Inactivation of Fish Pathogenic Bacteria: Survival, Host Specificity and Effect on Bacterial Community Structure
Previous Article in Journal
The Sponge-associated Bacterium Bacillus licheniformis SAB1: A Source of Antimicrobial Compounds
Previous Article in Special Issue
Novel Anti-Infective Compounds from Marine Bacteria
Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(4), 1213-1262; doi:10.3390/md8041213
Review

Conventional and Unconventional Antimicrobials from Fish, Marine Invertebrates and Micro-algae

1,* , 2 and 3
Received: 8 February 2010; in revised form: 2 April 2010 / Accepted: 12 April 2010 / Published: 14 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Anti-infective Agents)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [531 KB, updated 15 April 2010; original version uploaded 14 April 2010]   |   Browse Figure
Abstract: All eukaryotic organisms, single-celled or multi-cellular, produce a diverse array of natural anti-infective agents that, in addition to conventional antimicrobial peptides, also include proteins and other molecules often not regarded as part of the innate defences. Examples range from histones, fatty acids, and other structural components of cells to pigments and regulatory proteins. These probably represent very ancient defence factors that have been re-used in new ways during evolution. This review discusses the nature, biological role in host protection and potential biotechnological uses of some of these compounds, focusing on those from fish, marine invertebrates and marine micro-algae.
Keywords: amphipathicity; antimicrobial peptides; fatty acids; innate defence; pigments amphipathicity; antimicrobial peptides; fatty acids; innate defence; pigments
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Smith, V.J.; Desbois, A.P.; Dyrynda, E.A. Conventional and Unconventional Antimicrobials from Fish, Marine Invertebrates and Micro-algae. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 1213-1262.

AMA Style

Smith VJ, Desbois AP, Dyrynda EA. Conventional and Unconventional Antimicrobials from Fish, Marine Invertebrates and Micro-algae. Marine Drugs. 2010; 8(4):1213-1262.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smith, Valerie J.; Desbois, Andrew P.; Dyrynda, Elisabeth A. 2010. "Conventional and Unconventional Antimicrobials from Fish, Marine Invertebrates and Micro-algae." Mar. Drugs 8, no. 4: 1213-1262.


Mar. Drugs EISSN 1660-3397 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert