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Mar. Drugs 2010, 8(12), 2893-2905; doi:10.3390/md8122893
Article

Screening and cDNA Cloning of Kv1 Potassium Channel Toxins in Sea Anemones

1, 1, 1,2, 1 and 1,*
Received: 2 November 2010 / Revised: 19 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 2 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion Channel Inhibiting Marine Toxins)
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Abstract

When 21 species of sea anemones were screened for Kv1 potassium channel toxins by competitive inhibition of the binding of 125I-α-dendrotoxin to rat synaptosomal membranes, 11 species (two species of Actiniidae, one species of Hormathiidae, five species of Stichodactylidae and three species of Thalassianthidae) were found to be positive. Furthermore, full-length cDNAs encoding type 1 potassium channel toxins from three species of Stichodactylidae and three species of Thalassianthidae were cloned by a combination of RT-PCR, 3′RACE and 5′RACE. The precursors of these six toxins are commonly composed of signal peptide, propart and mature peptide portions. As for the mature peptide (35 amino acid residues), the six toxins share more than 90% sequence identities with one another and with κ1.3-SHTX-She1a (Shk) from Stichodactyla helianthus but only 34–63% identities with the other type 1 potassium channel toxins.
Keywords: cDNA cloning; potassium channel toxin; screening; sea anemone cDNA cloning; potassium channel toxin; screening; sea anemone
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Yamaguchi, Y.; Hasegawa, Y.; Honma, T.; Nagashima, Y.; Shiomi, K. Screening and cDNA Cloning of Kv1 Potassium Channel Toxins in Sea Anemones. Mar. Drugs 2010, 8, 2893-2905.

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