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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(3), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16030088

Marine Spongin: Naturally Prefabricated 3D Scaffold-Based Biomaterial

1
Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, 60965 Poznan, Poland
2
Institute of Experimental Physics, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger str. 23, 09559 Freiberg, Germany
3
Institute of Electronics and Sensor Materials, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Gustav-Zeuner-Str. 3, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Biomimetics)
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Abstract

The biosynthesis, chemistry, structural features and functionality of spongin as a halogenated scleroprotein of keratosan demosponges are still paradigms. This review has the principal goal of providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of spongin as a naturally prefabricated 3D biomaterial with multifaceted applications. The history of spongin’s discovery and use in the form of commercial sponges, including their marine farming strategies, have been analyzed and are discussed here. Physicochemical and material properties of spongin-based scaffolds are also presented. The review also focuses on prospects and trends in applications of spongin for technology, materials science and biomedicine. Special attention is paid to applications in tissue engineering, adsorption of dyes and extreme biomimetics. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine sponge; spongin; aquaculture; hybrid material; dyes marine sponge; spongin; aquaculture; hybrid material; dyes
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Jesionowski, T.; Norman, M.; Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, S.; Petrenko, I.; Joseph, Y.; Ehrlich, H. Marine Spongin: Naturally Prefabricated 3D Scaffold-Based Biomaterial. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 88.

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