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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(3), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16030079

Collagens of Poriferan Origin

1
Institute of Experimental Physics, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger str. 23, 09599 Freiberg, Germany
2
Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, 61131 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 3 February 2018 / Accepted: 28 February 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Collagen from Marine Biological Source and Medical Applications)
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Abstract

The biosynthesis, structural diversity, and functionality of collagens of sponge origin are still paradigms and causes of scientific controversy. This review has the ambitious goal of providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of poriferan collagens as a multifaceted topic with intriguing hypotheses and numerous challenging open questions. The structural diversity, chemistry, and biochemistry of collagens in sponges are analyzed and discussed here. Special attention is paid to spongins, collagen IV-related proteins, fibrillar collagens from demosponges, and collagens from glass sponge skeletal structures. The review also focuses on prospects and trends in applications of sponge collagens for technology, materials science and biomedicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: collagen; spongin; collagen-related proteins; sponges; scaffolds; biomaterials collagen; spongin; collagen-related proteins; sponges; scaffolds; biomaterials
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Ehrlich, H.; Wysokowski, M.; Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, S.; Petrenko, I.; Jesionowski, T. Collagens of Poriferan Origin. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 79.

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