Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Effects of Skin Mucus Derived from Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758)
AbstractResistance to chemotherapy occurs in various diseases (i.e., cancer and infection), and for this reason, both are very difficult to treat. Therefore, novel antimicrobial and chemotherapic drugs are needed for effective antibiotic therapy. The aim of the present study was to assess the antimicrobial and anti-proliferative effects of skin mucus derived from Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758). Our results showed that skin mucus exhibited a significant and specific antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria but not against Gram-positive bacteria. Furthermore, we also observed a significant antifungal activity against some strains of Candida spp. Concerning anti-proliferative activity, we showed that fish mucus was specifically toxic for acute leukemia cells (HL60) with an inhibition of proliferation in a dose dependent manner (about 52% at 1000 μg/mL of fish skin mucous, FSM). Moreover, we did not observe effects in healthy cells, in neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y), and multiple myeloma cell lines (MM1, U266). Finally, it exhibited strong expression and activity of chitinase which may be responsible, at least in part, for the aforementioned results. View Full-Text
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Fuochi, V.; Li Volti, G.; Camiolo, G.; Tiralongo, F.; Giallongo, C.; Distefano, A.; Petronio Petronio, G.; Barbagallo, I.; Viola, M.; Furneri, P.M.; Di Rosa, M.; Avola, R.; Tibullo, D. Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Effects of Skin Mucus Derived from Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758). Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 342.
Fuochi V, Li Volti G, Camiolo G, Tiralongo F, Giallongo C, Distefano A, Petronio Petronio G, Barbagallo I, Viola M, Furneri PM, Di Rosa M, Avola R, Tibullo D. Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Effects of Skin Mucus Derived from Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758). Marine Drugs. 2017; 15(11):342.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fuochi, Virginia; Li Volti, Giovanni; Camiolo, Giuseppina; Tiralongo, Francesco; Giallongo, Cesarina; Distefano, Alfio; Petronio Petronio, Giulio; Barbagallo, Ignazio; Viola, Maria; Furneri, Pio M.; Di Rosa, Michelino; Avola, Roberto; Tibullo, Daniele. 2017. "Antimicrobial and Anti-Proliferative Effects of Skin Mucus Derived from Dasyatis pastinaca (Linnaeus, 1758)." Mar. Drugs 15, no. 11: 342.
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