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Mar. Drugs 2017, 15(10), 326; https://doi.org/10.3390/md15100326

Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids: Potential Health and Beauty Ingredients

1
Department of Plant Physiology and Development, Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
2
Institute of Botany, Faculty of Biology and Earth Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kopernika 27, 31-501 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 August 2017 / Revised: 14 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 21 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Products for Health and Beauty)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [663 KB, uploaded 23 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Human skin is constantly exposed to damaging ultraviolet radiation (UVR), which induces a number of acute and chronic disorders. To reduce the risk of UV-induced skin injury, people apply an additional external protection in the form of cosmetic products containing sunscreens. Nowadays, because of the use of some chemical filters raises a lot of controversies, research focuses on exploring novel, fully safe and highly efficient natural UV-absorbing compounds that could be used as active ingredients in sun care products. A promising alternative is the application of multifunctional mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), which can effectively compete with commercially available filters. Here, we outline a complete characterization of these compounds and discuss their enormous biotechnological potential with special emphasis on their use as sunscreens, activators of cells proliferation, anti-cancer agents, anti-photoaging molecules, stimulators of skin renewal, and functional ingredients of UV-protective biomaterials. View Full-Text
Keywords: MAAs; ultraviolet radiation; UV-absorbing compound; sunscreen; erythema; melanoma; photoaging; skin renewal; biomaterial MAAs; ultraviolet radiation; UV-absorbing compound; sunscreen; erythema; melanoma; photoaging; skin renewal; biomaterial
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chrapusta, E.; Kaminski, A.; Duchnik, K.; Bober, B.; Adamski, M.; Bialczyk, J. Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids: Potential Health and Beauty Ingredients. Mar. Drugs 2017, 15, 326.

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