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Nutritional and Chemical Composition and Antiviral Activity of Cultivated Seaweed Sargassum naozhouense Tseng et Lu
Key Laboratory of Marine Bio-resources Sustainable Utilization, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Marine Materia Medica, RNAM Center for Marine Microbiology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China
Fisheries College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524025, China
Guangzhou Jinan Biomedicine Research and Development Center, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 October 2012; in revised form: 29 November 2012 / Accepted: 5 December 2012 / Published: 27 December 2012
Abstract: Sargassum naozhouense is a brown seaweed used in folk medicine and applied for thousands of years in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, China. This study is the first time to investigate its chemical composition and antiviral activity. On the dry weight basis, this seaweed was constituted of ca. 35.18% ash, 11.20% protein, 1.06% lipid and 47.73% total carbohydrate, and the main carbohydrate was water-soluble polysaccharide. The protein analysis indicated the presence of essential amino acids, which accounted for 36.35% of the protein. The most abundant fatty acids were C14:0, C16:0, C18:1 and C20:4. The ash fraction analysis indicated that essential minerals and trace elements, such as Fe, Zn and Cu, were present in the seaweed. IR analysis revealed that polysaccharides from cultivated S. naozhouense may be alginates and fucoidan. The polysaccharides possessed strong antiviral activity against HSV-1 in vitro with EC50 of 8.92 μg/mL. These results demonstrated cultivated S. naozhouense has a potential for its use in functional foods and antiviral new drugs.
Keywords: Sargassum naozhouense; seaweed; chemical composition; antiviral activity
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Peng, Y.; Xie, E.; Zheng, K.; Fredimoses, M.; Yang, X.; Zhou, X.; Wang, Y.; Yang, B.; Lin, X.; Liu, J.; Liu, Y. Nutritional and Chemical Composition and Antiviral Activity of Cultivated Seaweed Sargassum naozhouense Tseng et Lu. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 20-32.
Peng Y, Xie E, Zheng K, Fredimoses M, Yang X, Zhou X, Wang Y, Yang B, Lin X, Liu J, Liu Y. Nutritional and Chemical Composition and Antiviral Activity of Cultivated Seaweed Sargassum naozhouense Tseng et Lu. Marine Drugs. 2013; 11(1):20-32.
Peng, Yan; Xie, Enyi; Zheng, Kai; Fredimoses, Mangaladoss; Yang, Xianwen; Zhou, Xuefeng; Wang, Yifei; Yang, Bin; Lin, Xiuping; Liu, Juan; Liu, Yonghong. 2013. "Nutritional and Chemical Composition and Antiviral Activity of Cultivated Seaweed Sargassum naozhouense Tseng et Lu." Mar. Drugs 11, no. 1: 20-32.