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Mar. Drugs 2012, 10(6), 1192-1202; doi:10.3390/md10061192

Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges

Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, 1280 Main St.W, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
Julius-von-Sachs Institute for Biological Sciences, University of Würzburg, Julius-von-Sachs Platz 3, 97082 Würzburg, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 April 2012 / Revised: 18 May 2012 / Accepted: 21 May 2012 / Published: 25 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metagenomics in Biodiscovery from Oceans)
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Genomic mining revealed one major nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) phylogenetic cluster in 12 marine sponge species, one ascidian, an actinobacterial isolate and seawater. Phylogenetic analysis predicts its taxonomic affiliation to the actinomycetes and hydroxy-phenyl-glycine as a likely substrate. Additionally, a phylogenetically distinct NRPS gene cluster was discovered in the microbial metagenome of the sponge Aplysina aerophoba, which shows highest similarities to NRPS genes that were previously assigned, by ways of single cell genomics, to a Chloroflexi sponge symbiont. Genomic mining studies such as the one presented here for NRPS genes, contribute to on-going efforts to characterize the genomic potential of sponge-associated microbiota for secondary metabolite biosynthesis.
Keywords: nonribosomal peptide synthetase; NRPS; marine sponge; Porifera; metagenomics nonribosomal peptide synthetase; NRPS; marine sponge; Porifera; metagenomics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Pimentel-Elardo, S.M.; Grozdanov, L.; Proksch, S.; Hentschel, U. Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges. Mar. Drugs 2012, 10, 1192-1202.

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