Mar. Drugs 2012, 10(6), 1192-1202; doi:10.3390/md10061192
Article

Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges

1,2,†email, 2,†email, 2email and 2,* email
Received: 23 April 2012; in revised form: 18 May 2012 / Accepted: 21 May 2012 / Published: 25 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metagenomics in Biodiscovery from Oceans)
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Abstract: Genomic mining revealed one major nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) phylogenetic cluster in 12 marine sponge species, one ascidian, an actinobacterial isolate and seawater. Phylogenetic analysis predicts its taxonomic affiliation to the actinomycetes and hydroxy-phenyl-glycine as a likely substrate. Additionally, a phylogenetically distinct NRPS gene cluster was discovered in the microbial metagenome of the sponge Aplysina aerophoba, which shows highest similarities to NRPS genes that were previously assigned, by ways of single cell genomics, to a Chloroflexi sponge symbiont. Genomic mining studies such as the one presented here for NRPS genes, contribute to on-going efforts to characterize the genomic potential of sponge-associated microbiota for secondary metabolite biosynthesis.
Keywords: nonribosomal peptide synthetase; NRPS; marine sponge; Porifera; metagenomics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pimentel-Elardo, S.M.; Grozdanov, L.; Proksch, S.; Hentschel, U. Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges. Mar. Drugs 2012, 10, 1192-1202.

AMA Style

Pimentel-Elardo SM, Grozdanov L, Proksch S, Hentschel U. Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges. Marine Drugs. 2012; 10(6):1192-1202.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pimentel-Elardo, Sheila Marie; Grozdanov, Lubomir; Proksch, Sebastian; Hentschel, Ute. 2012. "Diversity of Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase Genes in the Microbial Metagenomes of Marine Sponges." Mar. Drugs 10, no. 6: 1192-1202.


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