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Mar. Drugs 2012, 10(4), 793-811; doi:10.3390/md10040793
Review

Fucanomics and Galactanomics: Marine Distribution, Medicinal Impact, Conceptions, and Challenges

Program of Glycobiology, Institute of Medical Biochemistry, and University Hospital Clementino Fraga Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 21941-590, Brazil
Received: 21 February 2012 / Revised: 21 March 2012 / Accepted: 22 March 2012 / Published: 29 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Glycoconjugates)
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Abstract

Glycomics turned out to be a very extensive project where its subdivision is consequently emerging. This is seen by the growing number of terminologies used to define subprojects concerning particular classes of bioactive carbohydrates. Sulfated fucans (SFs) and sulfated galactans (SGs) are relatively new classes of sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) that occur mostly in marine organisms, and exhibit a broad range of medicinal effects. Their structures are taxonomically dependent, and their therapeutic actions include benefits in inflammation, coagulation, thrombosis, angiogenesis, cancer, oxidation, and infections. Some red algae, marine angiosperm and invertebrates express SPs of unique structures composed of regular repeating oligomeric units of well-defined sulfation patterns. This fine pattern of structural regularity is quite rare among any naturally occurring long SPs, and enables accurate structure-biofunction correlations. Seeing that, fucanomics and galactanomics may comprise distinguished glycomics subprojects. We hereby discuss the relevance that justifies the international recognition of these subprojects in the current glycomics age associated with the beneficial outcomes that these glycans may offer in drug development.
Keywords: fucanome; fucanomics; galactanome; galactanomics; glycome; glycomics; sulfated fucan; sulfated galactan fucanome; fucanomics; galactanome; galactanomics; glycome; glycomics; sulfated fucan; sulfated galactan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Pomin, V.H. Fucanomics and Galactanomics: Marine Distribution, Medicinal Impact, Conceptions, and Challenges. Mar. Drugs 2012, 10, 793-811.

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