Pharmaceuticals 2013, 6(12), 1451-1474; doi:10.3390/ph6121451
Review

Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria

1 Istituto di Scienze dell'Alimentazione, ISA-CNR, Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy 2 Dipartimento di Farmacia,Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2013; in revised form: 29 October 2013 / Accepted: 8 November 2013 / Published: 25 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Agents)
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Abstract: The increasing resistance of microorganisms to conventional chemicals and drugs is a serious and evident worldwide problem that has prompted research into the identification of new biocides with broad activity. Plants and their derivatives, such as essential oils, are often used in folk medicine. In nature, essential oils play an important role in the protection of plants. Essential oils contain a wide variety of secondary metabolites that are capable of inhibiting or slowing the growth of bacteria, yeasts and moulds. Essential oils and their components have activity against a variety of targets, particularly the membrane and cytoplasm, and in some cases, they completely change the morphology of the cells. This brief review describes the activity of essential oils against pathogenic bacteria.
Keywords: essential oils; antimicrobial; cell membrane; microbial morphology; metabolome; fatty acids; quorum sensing

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nazzaro, F.; Fratianni, F.; De Martino, L.; Coppola, R.; De Feo, V. Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria. Pharmaceuticals 2013, 6, 1451-1474.

AMA Style

Nazzaro F, Fratianni F, De Martino L, Coppola R, De Feo V. Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria. Pharmaceuticals. 2013; 6(12):1451-1474.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nazzaro, Filomena; Fratianni, Florinda; De Martino, Laura; Coppola, Raffaele; De Feo, Vincenzo. 2013. "Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria." Pharmaceuticals 6, no. 12: 1451-1474.

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