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Pharmaceuticals 2013, 6(12), 1451-1474; doi:10.3390/ph6121451
Review

Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria

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Received: 22 September 2013 / Revised: 29 October 2013 / Accepted: 8 November 2013 / Published: 25 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Agents)
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Abstract

The increasing resistance of microorganisms to conventional chemicals and drugs is a serious and evident worldwide problem that has prompted research into the identification of new biocides with broad activity. Plants and their derivatives, such as essential oils, are often used in folk medicine. In nature, essential oils play an important role in the protection of plants. Essential oils contain a wide variety of secondary metabolites that are capable of inhibiting or slowing the growth of bacteria, yeasts and moulds. Essential oils and their components have activity against a variety of targets, particularly the membrane and cytoplasm, and in some cases, they completely change the morphology of the cells. This brief review describes the activity of essential oils against pathogenic bacteria.
Keywords: essential oils; antimicrobial; cell membrane; microbial morphology; metabolome; fatty acids; quorum sensing essential oils; antimicrobial; cell membrane; microbial morphology; metabolome; fatty acids; quorum sensing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Nazzaro, F.; Fratianni, F.; De Martino, L.; Coppola, R.; De Feo, V. Effect of Essential Oils on Pathogenic Bacteria. Pharmaceuticals 2013, 6, 1451-1474.

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