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Pharmaceuticals 2017, 10(4), 86; doi:10.3390/ph10040086

Essential Oils and Antifungal Activity

1
Institute of Food Science-National Research Council (CNR-ISA), Via Roma 64, 83100 Avellino, Italy
2
DiAAA, Molise University, Via de Sanctis s.n., 86100 Campobasso, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II, 132, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 27 October 2017 / Accepted: 30 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Choices of the Journal)
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Abstract

Since ancient times, folk medicine and agro-food science have benefitted from the use of plant derivatives, such as essential oils, to combat different diseases, as well as to preserve food. In Nature, essential oils play a fundamental role in protecting the plant from biotic and abiotic attacks to which it may be subjected. Many researchers have analyzed in detail the modes of action of essential oils and most of their components. The purpose of this brief review is to describe the properties of essential oils, principally as antifungal agents, and their role in blocking cell communication mechanisms, fungal biofilm formation, and mycotoxin production. View Full-Text
Keywords: essential oils; antifungal; biofilm; mycotoxins; quorum sensing; human health essential oils; antifungal; biofilm; mycotoxins; quorum sensing; human health
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nazzaro, F.; Fratianni, F.; Coppola, R.; Feo, V.D. Essential Oils and Antifungal Activity. Pharmaceuticals 2017, 10, 86.

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