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A High Resolution Color Image Restoration Algorithm for Thin TOMBO Imaging Systems
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2009; in revised form: 5 June 2009 / Accepted: 5 June 2009 / Published: 15 June 2009
Abstract: In this paper, we present a blind image restoration algorithm to reconstruct a high resolution (HR) color image from multiple, low resolution (LR), degraded and noisy images captured by thin (< 1mm) TOMBO imaging systems. The proposed algorithm is an extension of our grayscale algorithm reported in  to the case of color images. In this color extension, each Point Spread Function (PSF) of each captured image is assumed to be different from one color component to another and from one imaging unit to the other. For the task of image restoration, we use all spectral information in each captured image to restore each output pixel in the reconstructed HR image, i.e., we use the most efficient global category of point operations. First, the composite RGB color components of each captured image are extracted. A blind estimation technique is then applied to estimate the spectra of each color component and its associated blurring PSF. The estimation process is formed in a way that minimizes significantly the interchannel cross-correlations and additive noise. The estimated PSFs together with advanced interpolation techniques are then combined to compensate for blur and reconstruct a HR color image of the original scene. Finally, a histogram normalization process adjusts the balance between image color components, brightness and contrast. Simulated and experimental results reveal that the proposed algorithm is capable of restoring HR color images from degraded, LR and noisy observations even at low Signal-to-Noise Energy ratios (SNERs). The proposed algorithm uses FFT and only two fundamental image restoration constraints, making it suitable for silicon integration with the TOMBO imager.
Keywords: image restoration; TOMBO; color imaging; CMOS imager; point operations; back-projection; cross-correlation; spectra
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
El-Sallam, A.A.; Boussaid, F. A High Resolution Color Image Restoration Algorithm for Thin TOMBO Imaging Systems. Sensors 2009, 9, 4649-4668.
El-Sallam AA, Boussaid F. A High Resolution Color Image Restoration Algorithm for Thin TOMBO Imaging Systems. Sensors. 2009; 9(6):4649-4668.
El-Sallam, Amar A.; Boussaid, Farid. 2009. "A High Resolution Color Image Restoration Algorithm for Thin TOMBO Imaging Systems." Sensors 9, no. 6: 4649-4668.