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Sensors 2009, 9(4), 2252-2270; doi:10.3390/s90402252
Review

Visual Sensor Technology for Advanced Surveillance Systems: Historical View, Technological Aspects and Research Activities in Italy

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Received: 9 January 2009; in revised form: 25 March 2009 / Accepted: 26 March 2009 / Published: 30 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy)
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Abstract: The paper is a survey of the main technological aspects of advanced visual-based surveillance systems. A brief historical view of such systems from the origins to nowadays is given together with a short description of the main research projects in Italy on surveillance applications in the last twenty years. The paper then describes the main characteristics of an advanced visual sensor network that (a) directly processes locally acquired digital data, (b) automatically modifies intrinsic (focus, iris) and extrinsic (pan, tilt, zoom) parameters to increase the quality of acquired data and (c) automatically selects the best subset of sensors in order to monitor a given moving object in the observed environment.
Keywords: Advanced visual surveillance; visual sensor networks; active vision; object detection; tracking; human behaviour understanding Advanced visual surveillance; visual sensor networks; active vision; object detection; tracking; human behaviour understanding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Foresti, G.L.; Micheloni, C.; Piciarelli, C.; Snidaro, L. Visual Sensor Technology for Advanced Surveillance Systems: Historical View, Technological Aspects and Research Activities in Italy. Sensors 2009, 9, 2252-2270.

AMA Style

Foresti GL, Micheloni C, Piciarelli C, Snidaro L. Visual Sensor Technology for Advanced Surveillance Systems: Historical View, Technological Aspects and Research Activities in Italy. Sensors. 2009; 9(4):2252-2270.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Foresti, Gian Luca; Micheloni, Christian; Piciarelli, Claudio; Snidaro, Lauro. 2009. "Visual Sensor Technology for Advanced Surveillance Systems: Historical View, Technological Aspects and Research Activities in Italy." Sensors 9, no. 4: 2252-2270.


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