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Humidity Sensitivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks Deposited by Dielectrophoresis
The state Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P.R. China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, MN 55455, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 January 2009; in revised form: 10 March 2009 / Accepted: 10 March 2009 / Published: 11 March 2009
Abstract: This paper presents an investigation on the humidity sensitivity of deposited multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) networks using ac dielectrophoresis (DEP) between interdigitated electrodes (IDEs). MWCNTs dispersed in ethanol were trapped and enriched between IDEs on a Si/SiO2 substrate under a positive DEP force. After the DEP process, the ethanol was evaporated and the MWCNT network on a substrate with IDEs was put into a furnace for repeated thermal annealing. It was found that the resistance stability of the network was effectively improved through thermal annealing. The humidity sensitivity was obtained by measuring the resistance of the MWCNT network with different relative humidity at room temperature. The experimental results show the resistance increases linearly with increasing the relative humidity from 25% to 95% RH with a sensitivity of 0.5%/%RH. The MWCNT networks have a reversible humidity sensing capacity with response time and recovery time of about 3 s and 25 s, respectively. The resistance is dependent on temperature with a negative coefficient of about -0.33%/K in a temperature range from 293 K to 393 K.
Keywords: Humidity sensitivity; Multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Dielectrophoresis; Thermal annealing
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MDPI and ACS Style
Liu, L.; Ye, X.; Wu, K.; Han, R.; Zhou, Z.; Cui, T. Humidity Sensitivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks Deposited by Dielectrophoresis. Sensors 2009, 9, 1714-1721.
Liu L, Ye X, Wu K, Han R, Zhou Z, Cui T. Humidity Sensitivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks Deposited by Dielectrophoresis. Sensors. 2009; 9(3):1714-1721.
Liu, Litao; Ye, Xiongying; Wu, Kang; Han, Rui; Zhou, Zhaoying; Cui, Tianhong. 2009. "Humidity Sensitivity of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks Deposited by Dielectrophoresis." Sensors 9, no. 3: 1714-1721.