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Sensors 2009, 9(1), 568-601; doi:10.3390/s90100568
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State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation

* ,
 and
Laboratory of Optoelectronics, University of Brescia / via Branze 38, Brescia I-25123, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 September 2008 / Revised: 22 December 2008 / Accepted: 15 January 2009 / Published: 20 January 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy)
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Abstract

3D imaging sensors for the acquisition of three dimensional (3D) shapes have created, in recent years, a considerable degree of interest for a number of applications. The miniaturization and integration of the optical and electronic components used to build them have played a crucial role in the achievement of compactness, robustness and flexibility of the sensors. Today, several 3D sensors are available on the market, even in combination with other sensors in a “sensor fusion” approach. An importance equal to that of physical miniaturization has the portability of the measurements, via suitable interfaces, into software environments designed for their elaboration, e.g., CAD-CAM systems, virtual renders, and rapid prototyping tools. In this paper, following an overview of the state-of-art of 3D imaging sensors, a number of significant examples of their use are presented, with particular reference to industry, heritage, medicine, and criminal investigation applications.
Keywords: 3D sensors; surface quality control; reverse engineering; optical triangulation; crime scene investigation; heritage restoration; virtual reality 3D sensors; surface quality control; reverse engineering; optical triangulation; crime scene investigation; heritage restoration; virtual reality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Sansoni, G.; Trebeschi, M.; Docchio, F. State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation. Sensors 2009, 9, 568-601.

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