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Sensors 2009, 9(1), 568-601; doi:10.3390/s90100568
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State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation

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Received: 19 September 2008; in revised form: 22 December 2008 / Accepted: 15 January 2009 / Published: 20 January 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy)
Abstract: 3D imaging sensors for the acquisition of three dimensional (3D) shapes have created, in recent years, a considerable degree of interest for a number of applications. The miniaturization and integration of the optical and electronic components used to build them have played a crucial role in the achievement of compactness, robustness and flexibility of the sensors. Today, several 3D sensors are available on the market, even in combination with other sensors in a “sensor fusion” approach. An importance equal to that of physical miniaturization has the portability of the measurements, via suitable interfaces, into software environments designed for their elaboration, e.g., CAD-CAM systems, virtual renders, and rapid prototyping tools. In this paper, following an overview of the state-of-art of 3D imaging sensors, a number of significant examples of their use are presented, with particular reference to industry, heritage, medicine, and criminal investigation applications.
Keywords: 3D sensors; surface quality control; reverse engineering; optical triangulation; crime scene investigation; heritage restoration; virtual reality 3D sensors; surface quality control; reverse engineering; optical triangulation; crime scene investigation; heritage restoration; virtual reality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sansoni, G.; Trebeschi, M.; Docchio, F. State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation. Sensors 2009, 9, 568-601.

AMA Style

Sansoni G, Trebeschi M, Docchio F. State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation. Sensors. 2009; 9(1):568-601.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sansoni, Giovanna; Trebeschi, Marco; Docchio, Franco. 2009. "State-of-The-Art and Applications of 3D Imaging Sensors in Industry, Cultural Heritage, Medicine, and Criminal Investigation." Sensors 9, no. 1: 568-601.


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