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Analyzing Land Use Changes in the Metropolitan Jilin City of Northeastern China Using Remote Sensing and GIS
State Key Laboratory of Urban & Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871, Beijing 100085, P.R. China
College of Geo-exploring Science and Technology, Jilin University, 6 West Minzhu Street, Changchun 130026, P.R. China
The 3rd Surveying and Mapping Institute, Heilongjiang Bureau of Surveying and Mapping, 2 Cehui Road, Harbin 150086, P.R. China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 July 2008; in revised form: 1 September 2008 / Accepted: 1 September 2008 / Published: 3 September 2008
Abstract: Remote sensing and GIS have been widely employed to study temporal and spatial urban land use changes in southern and southeastern China. However, few studies have been conducted in northeastern regions. This study analyzed land use change and spatial patterns of urban expansion in the metropolitan area of Jilin City, located on the extension of Changbai Mountain, based on aerial photos from 1989 and 2005 Spot images. The results indicated that urban land and transportation land increased dramatically (by 94.04% and 211.20%, respectively); isolated industrial and mining land decreased moderately (by 29.54%); rural residential land increased moderately (by 26.48%); dry land and paddy fields increased slightly (by 15.68% and 11.78%, respectively); forest and orchards decreased slightly (by 5.27% and 4.61%, respectively); grasslands and unused land decreased dramatically (by 99.12% and 86.04%, respectively). Sloped dry land (more than 4 degrees) was mainly distributed on the land below 10 degrees with an east, southeastern and south sunny direction aspect, and most sloped dry land transformed to forest was located on an east aspect lower than 12 degrees, while forest changed to dry land were mainly distributed on east and south aspects lower than 10 degrees. A spatial dependency analysis of land use change showed that the increased urban land was a logarithmic function of distance to the Songhua River. This study also provided some data with spatial details about the uneven land development in the upstream areas of Songhua River basin.
Keywords: Land use change; land use patterns; urban growth; remote sensing; GIS; Jilin City
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Hu, D.; Yang, G.; Wu, Q.; Li, H.; Liu, X.; Niu, X.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Q. Analyzing Land Use Changes in the Metropolitan Jilin City of Northeastern China Using Remote Sensing and GIS. Sensors 2008, 8, 5449-5465.
Hu D, Yang G, Wu Q, Li H, Liu X, Niu X, Wang Z, Wang Q. Analyzing Land Use Changes in the Metropolitan Jilin City of Northeastern China Using Remote Sensing and GIS. Sensors. 2008; 8(9):5449-5465.
Hu, Dan; Yang, Guodong; Wu, Qiong; Li, Hongqing; Liu, Xusheng; Niu, Xuefeng; Wang, Zhiheng; Wang, Qiong. 2008. "Analyzing Land Use Changes in the Metropolitan Jilin City of Northeastern China Using Remote Sensing and GIS." Sensors 8, no. 9: 5449-5465.