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Sensors 2003, 3(10), 404-414; doi:10.3390/s31000404

Quartz Crystal Microbalance Coated with Sol-gel-derived Thin Films as Gas Sensor for NO Detection

1
Department of Material Sciences, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260
2
Institute of Material Research and Engineering, Research Link 3, Singapore 117602
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2003 / Accepted: 15 September 2003 / Published: 31 October 2003
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Abstract

This paper presents the possibilities and properties of Indium tin oxide (ITO)-covered quartz crystal as a NOx toxic gas-sensor. The starting sol-gel solution was prepared by mixing indium chloride dissolved in acetylacetone and tin chloride dissolved in ethanol (0-20% by weight). The ITO thin films were deposited on the gold electrodes of quartz crystal by spin-coating technique and subsequently followed a standard photolithography to pattern the derived films to ensure all sensors with the same sensing areas. All heat treatment processes were controlled below 500°C in order to avoid the piezoelectric characteristics degradation of quartz crystal (Quartz will lose its piezoelectricity at ~573°C due to the phase change from α to β). The electrical and structural properties of ITO thin films were characterized with Hall analysis system, TG/DTA, XRD, XPS, SEM and etc. The gas sensor had featured with ITO thin films of ~100nm as the receptor to sense the toxic gas NO and quartz crystal with frequency of 10MHz as the transducer to transfer the surface reactions (mass loading, etc) into the frequency shift. A homemade setup had been employed to measure the sensor response under the static mode. The experimental results had indicated that the ITO-coated QCM had a good sensitivity for NO gas, ~12Hz/100ppm within 5mins. These results prove that the ITO-covered quartz crystals are usable as a gas sensor and as an analytical device. View Full-Text
Keywords: Quartz Crystal Microbalance; Indium tin oxide; gas sensor; resonant frequency Quartz Crystal Microbalance; Indium tin oxide; gas sensor; resonant frequency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, J.; Hu, J.Q.; Zhu, F.R.; Gong, H.; O’Shea, S.J. Quartz Crystal Microbalance Coated with Sol-gel-derived Thin Films as Gas Sensor for NO Detection. Sensors 2003, 3, 404-414.

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