Sensors 2002, 2(10), 432-435; doi:10.3390/s21000432
Article

Reagents for Lithium Electrodes and Sensors for Blood Serum Analysis

Received: 17 April 2002; Accepted: 25 April 2002 / Published: 18 October 2002
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ion Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The measurement of lithium in blood serum requires high selectivity since the blood contains about 140 mM sodium compared to the 0.5-1.5 mM lithium level in manic depressive patients under treatment with lithium salts. This review traces the development of optical and potentiometric methods for the selective measurement of lithium in the presence of sodium. Selectivities of over 1,000:1 are achievable with properly designed ionophores.
Keywords: Spectrophotometry; Fluorescence; Sensors; Ion-Selective Electrodes; Crown Ethers; Cryptands; Diamide Ionophores
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MDPI and ACS Style

Christian, G.D. Reagents for Lithium Electrodes and Sensors for Blood Serum Analysis. Sensors 2002, 2, 432-435.

AMA Style

Christian GD. Reagents for Lithium Electrodes and Sensors for Blood Serum Analysis. Sensors. 2002; 2(10):432-435.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Christian, Gary D. 2002. "Reagents for Lithium Electrodes and Sensors for Blood Serum Analysis." Sensors 2, no. 10: 432-435.

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