Joint Center Estimation Using Single-Frame Optimization: Part 2: Experimentation
AbstractHuman motion capture is driven by joint center location estimates, and error in their estimation can be compounded by subsequent kinematic calculations. Soft tissue artifact (STA), the motion of tissue relative to the underlying bones, is a primary cause of error in joint center calculations. A method for mitigating the effects of STA, single-frame optimization (SFO), was introduced and numerically verified in Part 1 of this work, and the purpose of this article (Part 2) is to experimentally compare the results of SFO with a marker-based solution. The experimentation herein employed a single-degree-of-freedom pendulum to simulate human joint motion, and the effects of STA were simulated by affixing the inertial measurement unit to the pendulum indirectly through raw, vacuum-sealed meat. The inertial sensor was outfitted with an optical marker adapter so that its location could be optically determined by a camera-based motion-capture system. During the motion, inertial effects and non-rigid attachment of the inertial sensor caused the simulated STA to manifest via unrestricted motion (six degrees of freedom) relative to the rigid pendulum. The redundant inertial and optical instrumentation allowed a time-varying joint center solution to be determined both by optical markers and by SFO, allowing for comparison. The experimental results suggest that SFO can achieve accuracy comparable to that of state-of-the-art joint center determination methods that use optical skin markers (root mean square error of 7.87–37.86 mm), and that the time variances of the SFO solutions are correlated (
Share & Cite This Article
Frick, E.; Rahmatalla, S. Joint Center Estimation Using Single-Frame Optimization: Part 2: Experimentation. Sensors 2018, 18, 2563.
Frick E, Rahmatalla S. Joint Center Estimation Using Single-Frame Optimization: Part 2: Experimentation. Sensors. 2018; 18(8):2563.Chicago/Turabian Style
Frick, Eric; Rahmatalla, Salam. 2018. "Joint Center Estimation Using Single-Frame Optimization: Part 2: Experimentation." Sensors 18, no. 8: 2563.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.