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Sensors 2018, 18(6), 1915; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18061915

Measurement Uncertainty Calculations for pH Value Obtained by an Ion-Selective Electrode

Institute of Automatic Control, Silesian University of Technology, ul. Akademicka 16, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Received: 4 May 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Potentiometric Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

An assessment of measurement uncertainty is a task, which has to be the final step of every chemical assay. Apart from a commonly applied typical assessment method, Monte Carlo (MC) simulations may be used. The simulations are frequently performed by a computer program, which has to be written, and therefore some programming skills are required. It is also possible to use a commonly known spreadsheet and perform such simulations without writing any code. Commercial programs dedicated for the purpose are also available. In order to show the advantages and disadvantages of the ways of uncertainty evaluation, i.e., the typical method, the MC method implemented in a program and in a spreadsheet, and commercial programs, a case of pH measurement after two-point calibration is considered in this article. The ways differ in the required mathematical transformations, degrees of software usage, the time spent for the uncertainty calculations, and cost of software. Since analysts may have different mathematical and coding skills and practice, it is impossible to point out the best way of uncertainty assessment—all of them are just as good and give comparable assessments. View Full-Text
Keywords: uncertainty evaluation; Monte Carlo simulation; potentiometry; pH measurement uncertainty evaluation; Monte Carlo simulation; potentiometry; pH measurement
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Wiora, J.; Wiora, A. Measurement Uncertainty Calculations for pH Value Obtained by an Ion-Selective Electrode. Sensors 2018, 18, 1915.

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