Experimental Investigation of the Influence of the Laser Beam Waist on Cold Atom Guiding Efficiency
AbstractThe primary purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the vertical guiding laser beam waist on cold atom guiding efficiency. In this study, a double magneto-optical trap (MOT) apparatus is used. With an unbalanced force in the horizontal direction, a cold atomic beam is generated by the first MOT. The cold atoms enter the second chamber and are then re-trapped and cooled by the second MOT. By releasing a second atom cloud, the process of transferring the cold atoms from MOT to the dipole trap, which is formed by a red-detuned converged 1064-nm laser, is experimentally demonstrated. And after releasing for 20 ms, the atom cloud is guided to a distance of approximately 3 mm. As indicated by the results, the guiding efficiency depends strongly on the laser beam waist; the efficiency reaches a maximum when the waist radius (w0) of the laser is in the range of 15 to 25 μm, while the initial atom cloud has a radius of 133 μm. Additionally, the properties of the atoms inside the dipole potential trap, such as the distribution profile and lifetime, are deduced from the fluorescence images. View Full-Text
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Song, N.; Hu, D.; Xu, X.; Li, W.; Lu, X.; Song, Y. Experimental Investigation of the Influence of the Laser Beam Waist on Cold Atom Guiding Efficiency. Sensors 2018, 18, 717.
Song N, Hu D, Xu X, Li W, Lu X, Song Y. Experimental Investigation of the Influence of the Laser Beam Waist on Cold Atom Guiding Efficiency. Sensors. 2018; 18(3):717.Chicago/Turabian Style
Song, Ningfang; Hu, Di; Xu, Xiaobin; Li, Wei; Lu, Xiangxiang; Song, Yitong. 2018. "Experimental Investigation of the Influence of the Laser Beam Waist on Cold Atom Guiding Efficiency." Sensors 18, no. 3: 717.
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