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Sensors 2018, 18(1), 284; doi:10.3390/s18010284

Lipid Membrane Nanosensors for Environmental Monitoring: The Art, the Opportunities, and the Challenges

1
Laboratory of Inorganic & Analytical Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering, Dept 1, Chemical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens, 157 80 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Athens, 157 72 Athens, Greece
3
Laboratory of Simulation of Industrial Processes, Department of Industrial Management and Technology, School of Maritime and Industry, University of Piraeus, 185 34 Piraeus, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 17 January 2018 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Approaches to Biosensing with Nanoparticles)
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Abstract

The advent of nanotechnology has brought along new materials, techniques, and concepts, readily adaptable to lipid membrane-based biosensing. The transition from micro-sensors to nano-sensors is neither straightforward nor effortless, yet it leads to devices with superior analytical characteristics: ultra-low detectability, small sample volumes, better capabilities for integration, and more available bioelements and processes. Environmental monitoring remains a complicated field dealing with a large variety of pollutants, several decomposition products, or secondary chemicals produced ad hoc in the short- or medium term, many sub-systems affected variously, and many processes largely unknown. The new generation of lipid membranes, i.e., nanosensors, has the potential for developing monitors with site-specific analytical performance and operational stability, as well as analyte-tailored types of responses. This review presents the state-of-the art, the opportunities for niche applicability, and the challenges that lie ahead. View Full-Text
Keywords: lipid films; nanosensors; environmental monitoring lipid films; nanosensors; environmental monitoring
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nikoleli, G.-P.; Nikolelis, D.; Siontorou, C.G.; Karapetis, S. Lipid Membrane Nanosensors for Environmental Monitoring: The Art, the Opportunities, and the Challenges. Sensors 2018, 18, 284.

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