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Sensors 2018, 18(1), 149; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010149

Retransmission Avoidance for Reliable Data Delivery in Underwater WSNs

1
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
2
College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh 11543, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 27 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 7 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and Challenges in Underwater Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

The energy-efficient and reliable delivery of data packets in resource constraint underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) is one of the key considerations to enhance the network lifetime. The traditional re-transmissions approach consumes the node battery and increases the communication overhead, which results in congestion and affects the reliable data packet delivery in the network. To ensure the reliability and conserve the node battery, in this paper, we propose adaptive forwarding layer multipath power control routing protocol to reduce the energy dissipation, achieve the data reliability and avoid the energy hole problem. In order to achieve the reliability, tree based topology is exploited to direct multiple copies of the data packet towards the surface through cross nodes in the network. The energy dissipation is reduced by a substantial amount with the selection of low noise path between the source and the destination including the information of neighbors of the potential forwarder node. Extensive simulation results show that our proposed work outperforms the compared existing scheme in terms of energy efficiency and packet received ratio (PRR). View Full-Text
Keywords: re-transmissions; energy efficiency; energy hole; multipath; layered path; embedded systems; feasible regions; cross node; reliable data delivery re-transmissions; energy efficiency; energy hole; multipath; layered path; embedded systems; feasible regions; cross node; reliable data delivery
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ali, B.; Sher, A.; Javaid, N.; Islam, S.; Aurangzeb, K.; Haider, S.I. Retransmission Avoidance for Reliable Data Delivery in Underwater WSNs. Sensors 2018, 18, 149.

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