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Sensors 2018, 18(1), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18010134

One-Dimensional Nanostructures: Microfluidic-Based Synthesis, Alignment and Integration towards Functional Sensing Devices

1
Leibniz-Institut für Analytische Wissenschaften—ISAS—e. V, 12489 Berlin, Germany
2
Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering, ETH Zürich, 4058 Basel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 31 December 2017 / Published: 5 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section State-of-the-Art Sensors Technologies)
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Abstract

Microfluidic-based synthesis of one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures offers tremendous advantages over bulk approaches e.g., the laminar flow, reduced sample consumption and control of self-assembly of nanostructures. In addition to the synthesis, the integration of 1D nanomaterials into microfluidic chips can enable the development of diverse functional microdevices. 1D nanomaterials have been used in applications such as catalysts, electronic instrumentation and sensors for physical parameters or chemical compounds and biomolecules and hence, can be considered as building blocks. Here, we outline and critically discuss promising strategies for microfluidic-assisted synthesis, alignment and various chemical and biochemical applications of 1D nanostructures. In particular, the use of 1D nanostructures for sensing chemical/biological compounds are reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: one-dimensional nanostructures; microfluidics; continuous flow; alignment; nanosensor one-dimensional nanostructures; microfluidics; continuous flow; alignment; nanosensor
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Xing, Y.; Dittrich, P.S. One-Dimensional Nanostructures: Microfluidic-Based Synthesis, Alignment and Integration towards Functional Sensing Devices. Sensors 2018, 18, 134.

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