A 24-GHz Front-End Integrated on a Multilayer Cellulose-Based Substrate for Doppler Radar Sensors†
AbstractThis paper presents a miniaturized Doppler radar that can be used as a motion sensor for low-cost Internet of things (IoT) applications. For the first time, a radar front-end and its antenna are integrated on a multilayer cellulose-based substrate, built-up by alternating paper, glue and metal layers. The circuit exploits a distributed microstrip structure that is realized using a copper adhesive laminate, so as to obtain a low-loss conductor. The radar operates at 24 GHz and transmits 5 mW of power. The antenna has a gain of 7.4 dBi and features a half power beam-width of 48 degrees. The sensor, that is just the size of a stamp, is able to detect the movement of a walking person up to 10 m in distance, while a minimum speed of 50 mm/s up to 3 m is clearly measured. Beyond this specific result, the present paper demonstrates that the attractive features of cellulose, including ultra-low cost and eco-friendliness (i.e., recyclability and biodegradability), can even be exploited for the realization of future high-frequency hardware. This opens opens the door to the implementation on cellulose of devices and systems which make up the “sensing layer” at the base of the IoT ecosystem. View Full-Text
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Alimenti, F.; Palazzi, V.; Mariotti, C.; Virili, M.; Orecchini, G.; Bonafoni, S.; Roselli, L.; Mezzanotte, P. A 24-GHz Front-End Integrated on a Multilayer Cellulose-Based Substrate for Doppler Radar Sensors. Sensors 2017, 17, 2090.
Alimenti F, Palazzi V, Mariotti C, Virili M, Orecchini G, Bonafoni S, Roselli L, Mezzanotte P. A 24-GHz Front-End Integrated on a Multilayer Cellulose-Based Substrate for Doppler Radar Sensors. Sensors. 2017; 17(9):2090.Chicago/Turabian Style
Alimenti, Federico; Palazzi, Valentina; Mariotti, Chiara; Virili, Marco; Orecchini, Giulia; Bonafoni, Stefania; Roselli, Luca; Mezzanotte, Paolo. 2017. "A 24-GHz Front-End Integrated on a Multilayer Cellulose-Based Substrate for Doppler Radar Sensors." Sensors 17, no. 9: 2090.