Sensitivity and Frequency-Response Improvement of a Thermal Convection–Based Accelerometer
AbstractThis paper presents a thermal convection–based sensor fabricated using simple microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)-based processes. This sensor can be applied to both acceleration and inclination measurements without modifying the structure. Because the operating mechanism of the accelerometer is the thermal convection of a gas medium, a simple model is proposed and developed in which the performance of the thermal convection–based accelerometer is closely associated with the Grashof number, Gr and the Prandtl number, Pr. This paper discusses the experiments that were performed by varying several parameters such as the heating power, cavity size, gas media, and air pressure. The experimental results demonstrate that an increase in the heating power, pressure, and cavity size leads to an increase in the accelerometer sensitivity. However, an increase in the pressure and/or cavity size results in a decrease in the frequency bandwidth. This paper also discusses the fact that a working-gas medium with a large thermal diffusivity and small kinematic viscosity can widen the frequency bandwidth and increase the sensitivity, respectively. View Full-Text
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Han, M.; Kim, J.K.; Park, J.-H.; Kim, W.; Kang, S.-W.; Kong, S.H.; Jung, D. Sensitivity and Frequency-Response Improvement of a Thermal Convection–Based Accelerometer. Sensors 2017, 17, 1765.
Han M, Kim JK, Park J-H, Kim W, Kang S-W, Kong SH, Jung D. Sensitivity and Frequency-Response Improvement of a Thermal Convection–Based Accelerometer. Sensors. 2017; 17(8):1765.Chicago/Turabian Style
Han, Maeum; Kim, Jae K.; Park, Jin-Hyoung; Kim, Woojin; Kang, Shin-Won; Kong, Seong H.; Jung, Daewoong. 2017. "Sensitivity and Frequency-Response Improvement of a Thermal Convection–Based Accelerometer." Sensors 17, no. 8: 1765.
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