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Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1303; doi:10.3390/s17061303

Node Scheduling Strategies for Achieving Full-View Area Coverage in Camera Sensor Networks

1
School of Computer Science, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003, China
2
Jiangsu High Technology Research Key Laboratory for Wireless Sensor Networks, Nanjing 210003, China
3
Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
4
Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Northeastern State University, Tahlequah, OK 74464, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 4 April 2017 / Revised: 26 May 2017 / Accepted: 2 June 2017 / Published: 6 June 2017
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Abstract

Unlike conventional scalar sensors, camera sensors at different positions can capture a variety of views of an object. Based on this intrinsic property, a novel model called full-view coverage was proposed. We study the problem that how to select the minimum number of sensors to guarantee the full-view coverage for the given region of interest (ROI). To tackle this issue, we derive the constraint condition of the sensor positions for full-view neighborhood coverage with the minimum number of nodes around the point. Next, we prove that the full-view area coverage can be approximately guaranteed, as long as the regular hexagons decided by the virtual grid are seamlessly stitched. Then we present two solutions for camera sensor networks in two different deployment strategies. By computing the theoretically optimal length of the virtual grids, we put forward the deployment pattern algorithm (DPA) in the deterministic implementation. To reduce the redundancy in random deployment, we come up with a local neighboring-optimal selection algorithm (LNSA) for achieving the full-view coverage. Finally, extensive simulation results show the feasibility of our proposed solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: full-view area coverage; camera sensor networks; sleep scheduling full-view area coverage; camera sensor networks; sleep scheduling
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Wu, P.-F.; Xiao, F.; Sha, C.; Huang, H.-P.; Wang, R.-C.; Xiong, N.-X. Node Scheduling Strategies for Achieving Full-View Area Coverage in Camera Sensor Networks. Sensors 2017, 17, 1303.

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