Next Article in Journal
Computationally Efficient Direction Finding for a Mixture of Circular and Strictly Noncircular Sources with Uniform Rectangular Arrays
Next Article in Special Issue
Developing Fine-Grained Actigraphies for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients from a Single Accelerometer Using Machine Learning
Previous Article in Journal
Comparative Study of Neural Network Frameworks for the Next Generation of Adaptive Optics Systems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Survey of Motion Tracking Methods Based on Inertial Sensors: A Focus on Upper Limb Human Motion
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1267; doi:10.3390/s17061267

A Lifetime Maximization Relay Selection Scheme in Wireless Body Area Networks

State Key Laboratory of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giancarlo Fortino, Hassan Ghasemzadeh, Wenfeng Li, Yin Zhang and Luca Benini
Received: 27 February 2017 / Revised: 26 May 2017 / Accepted: 30 May 2017 / Published: 2 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Body Sensor Networks: Sensors, Systems, and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [451 KB, uploaded 2 June 2017]   |  


Network Lifetime is one of the most important metrics in Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). In this paper, a relay selection scheme is proposed under the topology constrains specified in the IEEE 802.15.6 standard to maximize the lifetime of WBANs through formulating and solving an optimization problem where relay selection of each node acts as optimization variable. Considering the diversity of the sensor nodes in WBANs, the optimization problem takes not only energy consumption rate but also energy difference among sensor nodes into account to improve the network lifetime performance. Since it is Non-deterministic Polynomial-hard (NP-hard) and intractable, a heuristic solution is then designed to rapidly address the optimization. The simulation results indicate that the proposed relay selection scheme has better performance in network lifetime compared with existing algorithms and that the heuristic solution has low time complexity with only a negligible performance degradation gap from optimal value. Furthermore, we also conduct simulations based on a general WBAN model to comprehensively illustrate the advantages of the proposed algorithm. At the end of the evaluation, we validate the feasibility of our proposed scheme via an implementation discussion. View Full-Text
Keywords: WBANs; lifetime; energy consumption; residual energy; relay selection; optimization; heuristic solution; IEEE 802.15.6 WBANs; lifetime; energy consumption; residual energy; relay selection; optimization; heuristic solution; IEEE 802.15.6

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Zhang, B.; Zhang, S. A Lifetime Maximization Relay Selection Scheme in Wireless Body Area Networks. Sensors 2017, 17, 1267.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top