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Sensors 2017, 17(6), 1217; doi:10.3390/s17061217

A Smart Power Electronic Multiconverter for the Residential Sector

Power Electrical and Electronic Systems Research Group, Escuela de Ingenierías Industriales, Universidad de Extremadura, Avda. de Elvas, s/n, Badajoz 06006, Spain
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Academic Editors: Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Georgios Mylonas
Received: 16 March 2017 / Revised: 19 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 26 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Sensors for Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Buildings)
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Abstract

The future of the grid includes distributed generation and smart grid technologies. Demand Side Management (DSM) systems will also be essential to achieve a high level of reliability and robustness in power systems. To do that, expanding the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) and Energy Management Systems (EMS) are necessary. The trend direction is towards the creation of energy resource hubs, such as the smart community concept. This paper presents a smart multiconverter system for residential/housing sector with a Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) consisting of supercapacitor and battery, and with local photovoltaic (PV) energy source integration. The device works as a distributed energy unit located in each house of the community, receiving active power set-points provided by a smart community EMS. This central EMS is responsible for managing the active energy flows between the electricity grid, renewable energy sources, storage equipment and loads existing in the community. The proposed multiconverter is responsible for complying with the reference active power set-points with proper power quality; guaranteeing that the local PV modules operate with a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm; and extending the lifetime of the battery thanks to a cooperative operation of the HESS. A simulation model has been developed in order to show the detailed operation of the system. Finally, a prototype of the multiconverter platform has been implemented and some experimental tests have been carried out to validate it. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; energy management system; smart community; supercapacitor; hybrid energy storage system; multiconverter smart grid; energy management system; smart community; supercapacitor; hybrid energy storage system; multiconverter
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerrero-Martinez, M.A.; Milanes-Montero, M.I.; Barrero-Gonzalez, F.; Miñambres-Marcos, V.M.; Romero-Cadaval, E.; Gonzalez-Romera, E. A Smart Power Electronic Multiconverter for the Residential Sector. Sensors 2017, 17, 1217.

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