Next Article in Journal
Detection of Salmonella Typhimurium on Spinach Using Phage-Based Magnetoelastic Biosensors
Next Article in Special Issue
Differential Characteristics Based Iterative Multiuser Detection for Wireless Sensor Networks
Previous Article in Journal
Detection of Atmospheric Methyl Mercaptan Using Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy with Multicomponent Spectral Fitting
Previous Article in Special Issue
Context Sensing System Analysis for Privacy Preservation Based on Game Theory
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2017, 17(2), 380;

An Auction-Based Spectrum Leasing Mechanism for Mobile Macro-Femtocell Networks of IoT

School of Computer Science, Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing 100101, China
School of Software, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116620, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 27 November 2016 / Revised: 22 January 2017 / Accepted: 8 February 2017 / Published: 16 February 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1463 KB, uploaded 16 February 2017]   |  


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a vision of the upcoming society. It can provide pervasive communication between two or more entities using 4G-LTE (Long Term Evolution) communication technology. In 4G-LTE networks, there are two important problems: helping manage the spectrum demands of IoT devices and achieving much more revenue with the limited resource. This paper proposes a pricing framework to investigate the spectrum leasing in mobile heterogeneous networks with single macrocell and multiple femtocells. We modeled the leasing procedure between the macrocell service provider (MSP) and femtocell holders (FHs) as an auction to motivate the MSP to lease its spectrum resource. All FHs act as the bidders, and the monopolist MSP acts as the auctioneer. In the auction, FHs submit their bids to rent the spectrum resource so that they can make a profit by selling it to their subscribers. The MSP determines the spectrum leasing amount and chooses the winning FHs by solving the dynamic programming-based 0–1 knapsack problem. In our proposed framework, we focus on the spectrum pricing strategy and revenue maximization of the MSP. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme provides effective motivation for the MSP to lease the spectrum to FHs, and both the MSP and FHs can benefit from spectrum leasing. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet of Things; spectrum leasing; pricing framework; auction; knapsack problem Internet of Things; spectrum leasing; pricing framework; auction; knapsack problem

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, X.; Xing, L.; Qiu, T.; Li, Z. An Auction-Based Spectrum Leasing Mechanism for Mobile Macro-Femtocell Networks of IoT. Sensors 2017, 17, 380.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top