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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2895; doi:10.3390/s17122895

Single Channel EEG Artifact Identification Using Two-Dimensional Multi-Resolution Analysis

1
Computer and Information Science Department, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
2
Department of Biomedical Physic and Engineering, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Fars Province, Shiraz, Zand, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 September 2017 / Revised: 30 October 2017 / Accepted: 8 December 2017 / Published: 13 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract

As a diagnostic monitoring approach, electroencephalogram (EEG) signals can be decoded by signal processing methodologies for various health monitoring purposes. However, EEG recordings are contaminated by other interferences, particularly facial and ocular artifacts generated by the user. This is specifically an issue during continuous EEG recording sessions, and is therefore a key step in using EEG signals for either physiological monitoring and diagnosis or brain–computer interface to identify such artifacts from useful EEG components. In this study, we aim to design a new generic framework in order to process and characterize EEG recording as a multi-component and non-stationary signal with the aim of localizing and identifying its component (e.g., artifact). In the proposed method, we gather three complementary algorithms together to enhance the efficiency of the system. Algorithms include time–frequency (TF) analysis and representation, two-dimensional multi-resolution analysis (2D MRA), and feature extraction and classification. Then, a combination of spectro-temporal and geometric features are extracted by combining key instantaneous TF space descriptors, which enables the system to characterize the non-stationarities in the EEG dynamics. We fit a curvelet transform (as a MRA method) to 2D TF representation of EEG segments to decompose the given space to various levels of resolution. Such a decomposition efficiently improves the analysis of the TF spaces with different characteristics (e.g., resolution). Our experimental results demonstrate that the combination of expansion to TF space, analysis using MRA, and extracting a set of suitable features and applying a proper predictive model is effective in enhancing the EEG artifact identification performance. We also compare the performance of the designed system with another common EEG signal processing technique—namely, 1D wavelet transform. Our experimental results reveal that the proposed method outperforms 1D wavelet. View Full-Text
Keywords: electroencephalography (EEG); artifact identification; curvelet transforms; time–frequency representation; multi-resolution analysis electroencephalography (EEG); artifact identification; curvelet transforms; time–frequency representation; multi-resolution analysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Taherisadr, M.; Dehzangi, O.; Parsaei, H. Single Channel EEG Artifact Identification Using Two-Dimensional Multi-Resolution Analysis. Sensors 2017, 17, 2895.

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