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Sensors 2017, 17(12), 2874; doi:10.3390/s17122874

A Game-Theory Based Incentive Framework for an Intelligent Traffic System as Part of a Smart City Initiative

1,†,‡,* , 2,‡
and
1
1
School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610051, China
2
School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK
Current address: No.2006, Xiyuan Ave, West Hi-Tech Zone, Chengdu 611731, China.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 30 November 2017 / Accepted: 6 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
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Abstract

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) can be applied to inform and incentivize travellers to help them make cognizant choices concerning their trip routes and transport modality use for their daily travel whilst achieving more sustainable societal and transport authority goals. However, in practice, it is challenging for an ITS to enable incentive generation that is context-driven and personalized, whilst supporting multi-dimensional travel goals. This is because an ITS has to address the situation where different travellers have different travel preferences and constraints for route and modality, in the face of dynamically-varying traffic conditions. Furthermore, personalized incentive generation also needs to dynamically achieve different travel goals from multiple travellers, in the face of their conducts being a mix of both competitive and cooperative behaviours. To address this challenge, a Rule-based Incentive Framework (RIF) is proposed in this paper that utilizes both decision tree and evolutionary game theory to process travel information and intelligently generate personalized incentives for travellers. The travel information processed includes travellers’ mobile patterns, travellers’ modality preferences and route traffic volume information. A series of MATLAB simulations of RIF was undertaken to validate RIF to show that it is potentially an effective way to incentivize travellers to change travel routes and modalities as an essential smart city service. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligent transportation system; incentive; evolutionary game theory; decision tree intelligent transportation system; incentive; evolutionary game theory; decision tree
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Mei, H.; Poslad, S.; Du, S. A Game-Theory Based Incentive Framework for an Intelligent Traffic System as Part of a Smart City Initiative. Sensors 2017, 17, 2874.

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