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Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2521; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112521

A Simple Assay for Ultrasensitive Colorimetric Detection of Ag+ at Picomolar Levels Using Platinum Nanoparticles

1
Key Laboratory of Predictive Microbiology and Chemical Residual Analysis, College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
2
The Key Lab of Analysis and Detection Technology for Food Safety of the MOE, State Key Laboratory of Photocatalysis on Energy and Environment, College of Chemistry, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2017 / Revised: 26 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluorescent Probes and Sensors)
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Abstract

In this work, uniformly-dispersed platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) were synthesized by a simple chemical reduction method, in which citric acid and sodium borohydride acted as a stabilizer and reducer, respectively. An ultrasensitive colorimetric sensor for the facile and rapid detection of Ag+ ions was constructed based on the peroxidase mimetic activities of the obtained PtNPs, which can catalyze the oxidation of 3,3’,5,5’-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by H2O2 to produce colored products. The introduced Ag+ would be reduced to Ag0 by the capped citric acid, and the deposition of Ag0 on the PtNPs surface, can effectively inhibit the peroxidase-mimetic activity of PtNPs. Through measuring the maximum absorption signal of oxidized TMB at 652 nm, ultra-low detection limits (7.8 pM) of Ag+ can be reached. In addition to such high sensitivity, the colorimetric assay also displays excellent selectivity for other ions of interest and shows great potential for the detection of Ag+ in real water samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: platinum nanoparticles; peroxidase-mimic activity; colorimetric sensor; silver ions detection platinum nanoparticles; peroxidase-mimic activity; colorimetric sensor; silver ions detection
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Wang, Y.-W.; Wang, M.; Wang, L.; Xu, H.; Tang, S.; Yang, H.-H.; Zhang, L.; Song, H. A Simple Assay for Ultrasensitive Colorimetric Detection of Ag+ at Picomolar Levels Using Platinum Nanoparticles. Sensors 2017, 17, 2521.

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