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Sensors 2017, 17(11), 2520; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17112520

Device-Free Passive Identity Identification via WiFi Signals

Information Security Research Center, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
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Received: 26 September 2017 / Revised: 9 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 2 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

Device-free passive identity identification attracts much attention in recent years, and it is a representative application in sensorless sensing. It can be used in many applications such as intrusion detection and smart building. Previous studies show the sensing potential of WiFi signals in a device-free passive manner. It is confirmed that human’s gait is unique from each other similar to fingerprint and iris. However, the identification accuracy of existing approaches is not satisfactory in practice. In this paper, we present Wii, a device-free WiFi-based Identity Identification approach utilizing human’s gait based on Channel State Information (CSI) of WiFi signals. Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and low pass filter are applied to remove the noises in the signals. We then extract several entities’ gait features from both time and frequency domain, and select the most effective features according to information gain. Based on these features, Wii realizes stranger recognition through Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and identity identification through a Support Vector Machine (SVM) with Radial Basis Function (RBF) kernel. It is implemented using commercial WiFi devices and evaluated on a dataset with more than 1500 gait instances collected from eight subjects walking in a room. The results indicate that Wii can effectively recognize strangers and can achieves high identification accuracy with low computational cost. As a result, Wii has the potential to work in typical home security systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: WiFi; channel state information; human gait; human identification WiFi; channel state information; human gait; human identification
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Lv, J.; Yang, W.; Man, D. Device-Free Passive Identity Identification via WiFi Signals. Sensors 2017, 17, 2520.

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