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Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2367; https://doi.org/10.3390/s17102367

Vibration Noise Modeling for Measurement While Drilling System Based on FOGs

Key Laboratory of Inertial Technology, Institute of Opto-electronics Technology, School of Instrument Science and Opto-electronics Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Received: 22 August 2017 / Revised: 29 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inertial Sensors for Positioning and Navigation)
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Abstract

Aiming to improve survey accuracy of Measurement While Drilling (MWD) based on Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (FOGs) in the long period, the external aiding sources are fused into the inertial navigation by the Kalman filter (KF) method. The KF method needs to model the inertial sensors’ noise as the system noise model. The system noise is modeled as white Gaussian noise conventionally. However, because of the vibration while drilling, the noise in gyros isn’t white Gaussian noise any more. Moreover, an incorrect noise model will degrade the accuracy of KF. This paper developed a new approach for noise modeling on the basis of dynamic Allan variance (DAVAR). In contrast to conventional white noise models, the new noise model contains both the white noise and the color noise. With this new noise model, the KF for the MWD was designed. Finally, two vibration experiments have been performed. Experimental results showed that the proposed vibration noise modeling approach significantly improved the estimated accuracies of the inertial sensor drifts. Compared the navigation results based on different noise model, with the DAVAR noise model, the position error and the toolface angle error are reduced more than 90%. The velocity error is reduced more than 65%. The azimuth error is reduced more than 50%. View Full-Text
Keywords: FOG-based MWD; system noise model; vibration noise; dynamic Allan variance FOG-based MWD; system noise model; vibration noise; dynamic Allan variance
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Zhang, C.; Wang, L.; Gao, S.; Lin, T.; Li, X. Vibration Noise Modeling for Measurement While Drilling System Based on FOGs. Sensors 2017, 17, 2367.

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