Variation of River Islands around a Large City along the Yangtze River from Satellite Remote Sensing Images
AbstractRiver islands are sandbars formed by scouring and silting. Their evolution is affected by several factors, among which are runoff and sediment discharge. The spatial-temporal evolution of seven river islands in the Nanjing Section of the Yangtze River of China was examined using TM (Thematic Mapper) and ETM (Enhanced Thematic Mapper)+ images from 1985 to 2015 at five year intervals. The following approaches were applied in this study: the threshold value method, binarization model, image registration, image cropping, convolution and cluster analysis. Annual runoff and sediment discharge data as measured at the Datong hydrological station upstream of Nanjing section were also used to determine the roles and impacts of various factors. The results indicated that: (1) TM/ETM+ images met the criteria of information extraction of river islands; (2) generally, the total area of these islands in this section and their changing rate decreased over time; (3) sediment and river discharge were the most significant factors in island evolution. They directly affect river islands through silting or erosion. Additionally, anthropocentric influences could play increasingly important roles. View Full-Text
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Shi, H.; Gao, C.; Dong, C.; Xia, C.; Xu, G. Variation of River Islands around a Large City along the Yangtze River from Satellite Remote Sensing Images. Sensors 2017, 17, 2213.
Shi H, Gao C, Dong C, Xia C, Xu G. Variation of River Islands around a Large City along the Yangtze River from Satellite Remote Sensing Images. Sensors. 2017; 17(10):2213.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shi, Haiyun; Gao, Chao; Dong, Changming; Xia, Changshui; Xu, Guanglai. 2017. "Variation of River Islands around a Large City along the Yangtze River from Satellite Remote Sensing Images." Sensors 17, no. 10: 2213.
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