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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 130; doi:10.3390/s17010130

Wearable Sensors for Remote Health Monitoring

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
2
Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stephane Evoy and Baris Fidan
Received: 30 September 2016 / Revised: 12 December 2016 / Accepted: 21 December 2016 / Published: 12 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Canada 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4307 KB, uploaded 12 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Life expectancy in most countries has been increasing continually over the several few decades thanks to significant improvements in medicine, public health, as well as personal and environmental hygiene. However, increased life expectancy combined with falling birth rates are expected to engender a large aging demographic in the near future that would impose significant burdens on the socio-economic structure of these countries. Therefore, it is essential to develop cost-effective, easy-to-use systems for the sake of elderly healthcare and well-being. Remote health monitoring, based on non-invasive and wearable sensors, actuators and modern communication and information technologies offers an efficient and cost-effective solution that allows the elderly to continue to live in their comfortable home environment instead of expensive healthcare facilities. These systems will also allow healthcare personnel to monitor important physiological signs of their patients in real time, assess health conditions and provide feedback from distant facilities. In this paper, we have presented and compared several low-cost and non-invasive health and activity monitoring systems that were reported in recent years. A survey on textile-based sensors that can potentially be used in wearable systems is also presented. Finally, compatibility of several communication technologies as well as future perspectives and research challenges in remote monitoring systems will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable sensors; smart textile; remote health monitoring; body sensor network; vital sign monitoring; ambulatory monitoring wearable sensors; smart textile; remote health monitoring; body sensor network; vital sign monitoring; ambulatory monitoring
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Majumder, S.; Mondal, T.; Deen, M.J. Wearable Sensors for Remote Health Monitoring. Sensors 2017, 17, 130.

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