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Sensors 2016, 16(8), 1172; doi:10.3390/s16081172

Recent Progress on Cellulose-Based Electro-Active Paper, Its Hybrid Nanocomposites and Applications

1,†
,
1,†
,
1,* and 2,†
1
Department of Mechanical, Robotics and Energy Engineering, Dongguk University-Seoul, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 04620, Korea
2
Center for EAPap Actuator, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, 253 Yonghyun-dong, Nam-Gu, Incheon 22212, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ki-Hyun Kim
Received: 3 June 2016 / Revised: 20 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 26 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Use of New and/or Improved Materials for Sensing Applications)

Abstract

We report on the recent progress and development of research into cellulose-based electro-active paper for bending actuators, bioelectronics devices, and electromechanical transducers. The cellulose electro-active paper is characterized in terms of its biodegradability, chirality, ample chemically modifying capacity, light weight, actuation capability, and ability to form hybrid nanocomposites. The mechanical, electrical, and chemical characterizations of the cellulose-based electro-active paper and its hybrid composites such as blends or coatings with synthetic polymers, biopolymers, carbon nanotubes, chitosan, and metal oxides, are explained. In addition, the integration of cellulose electro-active paper is highlighted to form various functional devices including but not limited to bending actuators, flexible speaker, strain sensors, energy harvesting transducers, biosensors, chemical sensors and transistors for electronic applications. The frontiers in cellulose paper devices are reviewed together with the strategies and perspectives of cellulose electro-active paper and cellulose nanocomposite research and applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: electro-active paper; polymers; cellulose; transducers; nanocomposite electro-active paper; polymers; cellulose; transducers; nanocomposite
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Khan, A.; Abas, Z.; Kim, H.S.; Kim, J. Recent Progress on Cellulose-Based Electro-Active Paper, Its Hybrid Nanocomposites and Applications. Sensors 2016, 16, 1172.

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