Next Article in Journal
An Improved Otsu Threshold Segmentation Method for Underwater Simultaneous Localization and Mapping-Based Navigation
Previous Article in Journal
Design and Field Experimentation of a Cooperative ITS Architecture Based on Distributed RSUs
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2016, 16(7), 1151; doi:10.3390/s16071151

Modeling and Assessment of GPS/BDS Combined Precise Point Positioning

Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Space Navigation and Positioning Techniques, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China
College of Surveying and Geo-informatics Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Teunissen
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 12 July 2016 / Accepted: 15 July 2016 / Published: 22 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3341 KB, uploaded 22 July 2016]   |  


Precise Point Positioning (PPP) technique enables stand-alone receivers to obtain cm-level positioning accuracy. Observations from multi-GNSS systems can augment users with improved positioning accuracy, reliability and availability. In this paper, we present and evaluate the GPS/BDS combined PPP models, including the traditional model and a simplified model, where the inter-system bias (ISB) is treated in different way. To evaluate the performance of combined GPS/BDS PPP, kinematic and static PPP positions are compared to the IGS daily estimates, where 1 month GPS/BDS data of 11 IGS Multi-GNSS Experiment (MGEX) stations are used. The results indicate apparent improvement of GPS/BDS combined PPP solutions in both static and kinematic cases, where much smaller standard deviations are presented in the magnitude distribution of coordinates RMS statistics. Comparisons between the traditional and simplified combined PPP models show no difference in coordinate estimations, and the inter system biases between the GPS/BDS system are assimilated into receiver clock, ambiguities and pseudo-range residuals accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-GNSS; BDS; precise point positioning; MGEX; ISB multi-GNSS; BDS; precise point positioning; MGEX; ISB

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, S.; Chen, Q.; Gong, X. Modeling and Assessment of GPS/BDS Combined Precise Point Positioning. Sensors 2016, 16, 1151.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top