Structural Parameters Calibration for Binocular Stereo Vision Sensors Using a Double-Sphere Target
AbstractStructural parameter calibration for the binocular stereo vision sensor (BSVS) is an important guarantee for high-precision measurements. We propose a method to calibrate the structural parameters of BSVS based on a double-sphere target. The target, consisting of two identical spheres with a known fixed distance, is freely placed in different positions and orientations. Any three non-collinear sphere centres determine a spatial plane whose normal vector under the two camera-coordinate-frames is obtained by means of an intermediate parallel plane calculated by the image points of sphere centres and the depth-scale factors. Hence, the rotation matrix R is solved. The translation vector T is determined using a linear method derived from the epipolar geometry. Furthermore, R and T are refined by nonlinear optimization. We also provide theoretical analysis on the error propagation related to the positional deviation of the sphere image and an approach to mitigate its effect. Computer simulations are conducted to test the performance of the proposed method with respect to the image noise level, target placement times and the depth-scale factor. Experimental results on real data show that the accuracy of measurement is higher than 0.9‰, with a distance of 800 mm and a view field of 250 × 200 mm2. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Wei, Z.; Zhao, K. Structural Parameters Calibration for Binocular Stereo Vision Sensors Using a Double-Sphere Target. Sensors 2016, 16, 1074.
Wei Z, Zhao K. Structural Parameters Calibration for Binocular Stereo Vision Sensors Using a Double-Sphere Target. Sensors. 2016; 16(7):1074.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wei, Zhenzhong; Zhao, Kai. 2016. "Structural Parameters Calibration for Binocular Stereo Vision Sensors Using a Double-Sphere Target." Sensors 16, no. 7: 1074.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.