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Sensors 2016, 16(6), 825; doi:10.3390/s16060825

Accurate Vehicle Location System Using RFID, an Internet of Things Approach

Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Felipe Jimenez
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 18 May 2016 / Accepted: 24 May 2016 / Published: 4 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Autonomous Road Vehicles)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6076 KB, uploaded 4 June 2016]   |  


Modern infrastructure, such as dense urban areas and underground tunnels, can effectively block all GPS signals, which implies that effective position triangulation will not be achieved. The main problem that is addressed in this project is the design and implementation of an accurate vehicle location system using radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology in combination with GPS and the Global system for Mobile communication (GSM) technology, in order to provide a solution to the limitation discussed above. In essence, autonomous vehicle tracking will be facilitated with the use of RFID technology where GPS signals are non-existent. The design of the system and the results are reflected in this paper. An extensive literature study was done on the field known as the Internet of Things, as well as various topics that covered the integration of independent technology in order to address a specific challenge. The proposed system is then designed and implemented. An RFID transponder was successfully designed and a read range of approximately 31 cm was obtained in the low frequency communication range (125 kHz to 134 kHz). The proposed system was designed, implemented, and field tested and it was found that a vehicle could be accurately located and tracked. It is also found that the antenna size of both the RFID reader unit and RFID transponder plays a critical role in the maximum communication range that can be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: accurate vehicle location; GPS triangulation; GSM network; RFID; read range; passive transponder; database implementation accurate vehicle location; GPS triangulation; GSM network; RFID; read range; passive transponder; database implementation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Prinsloo, J.; Malekian, R. Accurate Vehicle Location System Using RFID, an Internet of Things Approach. Sensors 2016, 16, 825.

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