Abnormal Activity Detection Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors
AbstractHealthy aging is one of the most important social issues. In this paper, we propose a method for abnormal activity detection without any manual labeling of the training samples. By leveraging the Field of View (FOV) modulation, the spatio-temporal characteristic of human activity is encoded into low-dimension data stream generated by the ceiling-mounted Pyroelectric Infrared (PIR) sensors. The similarity between normal training samples are measured based on Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence of each pair of them. The natural clustering of normal activities is discovered through a self-tuning spectral clustering algorithm with unsupervised model selection on the eigenvectors of a modified similarity matrix. Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are employed to model each cluster of normal activities and form feature vectors. One-Class Support Vector Machines (OSVMs) are used to profile the normal activities and detect abnormal activities. To validate the efficacy of our method, we conducted experiments in real indoor environments. The encouraging results show that our method is able to detect abnormal activities given only the normal training samples, which aims to avoid the laborious and inconsistent data labeling process. View Full-Text
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Luo, X.; Tan, H.; Guan, Q.; Liu, T.; Zhuo, H.H.; Shen, B. Abnormal Activity Detection Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors. Sensors 2016, 16, 822.
Luo X, Tan H, Guan Q, Liu T, Zhuo HH, Shen B. Abnormal Activity Detection Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors. Sensors. 2016; 16(6):822.Chicago/Turabian Style
Luo, Xiaomu; Tan, Huoyuan; Guan, Qiuju; Liu, Tong; Zhuo, Hankz H.; Shen, Baihua. 2016. "Abnormal Activity Detection Using Pyroelectric Infrared Sensors." Sensors 16, no. 6: 822.
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