Sensor Monitoring of Physical Activity to Improve Glucose Management in Diabetic Patients: A Review
AbstractDiabetic individuals need to tightly control their blood glucose concentration. Several methods have been developed for this purpose, such as the finger-prick or continuous glucose monitoring systems (CGMs). However, these methods present the disadvantage of being invasive. Moreover, CGMs have limited accuracy, notably to detect hypoglycemia. It is also known that physical exercise, and even daily activity, disrupt glucose dynamics and can generate problems with blood glucose regulation during and after exercise. In order to deal with these challenges, devices for monitoring patients’ physical activity are currently under development. This review focuses on non-invasive sensors using physiological parameters related to physical exercise that were used to improve glucose monitoring in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) patients. These devices are promising for diabetes management. Indeed they permit to estimate glucose concentration either based solely on physical activity parameters or in conjunction with CGM or non-invasive CGM (NI-CGM) systems. In these last cases, the vital signals are used to modulate glucose estimations provided by the CGM and NI-CGM devices. Finally, this review indicates possible limitations of these new biosensors and outlines directions for future technologic developments. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ding, S.; Schumacher, M. Sensor Monitoring of Physical Activity to Improve Glucose Management in Diabetic Patients: A Review. Sensors 2016, 16, 589.
Ding S, Schumacher M. Sensor Monitoring of Physical Activity to Improve Glucose Management in Diabetic Patients: A Review. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):589.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ding, Sandrine; Schumacher, Michael. 2016. "Sensor Monitoring of Physical Activity to Improve Glucose Management in Diabetic Patients: A Review." Sensors 16, no. 4: 589.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.