Multi-Repeated Projection Lithography for High-Precision Linear Scale Based on Average Homogenization Effect
AbstractA multi-repeated photolithography method for manufacturing an incremental linear scale using projection lithography is presented. The method is based on the average homogenization effect that periodically superposes the light intensity of different locations of pitches in the mask to make a consistent energy distribution at a specific wavelength, from which the accuracy of a linear scale can be improved precisely using the average pitch with different step distances. The method’s theoretical error is within 0.01 µm for a periodic mask with a 2-µm sine-wave error. The intensity error models in the focal plane include the rectangular grating error on the mask, static positioning error, and lithography lens focal plane alignment error, which affect pitch uniformity less than in the common linear scale projection lithography splicing process. It was analyzed and confirmed that increasing the repeat exposure number of a single stripe could improve accuracy, as could adjusting the exposure spacing to achieve a set proportion of black and white stripes. According to the experimental results, the effectiveness of the multi-repeated photolithography method is confirmed to easily realize a pitch accuracy of 43 nm in any 10 locations of 1 m, and the whole length accuracy of the linear scale is less than 1 µm/m. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ren, D.; Zhao, H.; Zhang, C.; Yuan, D.; Xi, J.; Zhu, X.; Ban, X.; Dong, L.; Gu, Y.; Jiang, C. Multi-Repeated Projection Lithography for High-Precision Linear Scale Based on Average Homogenization Effect. Sensors 2016, 16, 538.
Ren D, Zhao H, Zhang C, Yuan D, Xi J, Zhu X, Ban X, Dong L, Gu Y, Jiang C. Multi-Repeated Projection Lithography for High-Precision Linear Scale Based on Average Homogenization Effect. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):538.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ren, Dongxu; Zhao, Huiying; Zhang, Chupeng; Yuan, Daocheng; Xi, Jianpu; Zhu, Xueliang; Ban, Xinxing; Dong, Longchao; Gu, Yawen; Jiang, Chunye. 2016. "Multi-Repeated Projection Lithography for High-Precision Linear Scale Based on Average Homogenization Effect." Sensors 16, no. 4: 538.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.