A Simulation Study of a Radiofrequency Localization System for Tracking Patient Motion in Radiotherapy
AbstractOne of the most widely used tools in cancer treatment is external beam radiotherapy. However, the major risk involved in radiotherapy is excess radiation dose to healthy tissue, exacerbated by patient motion. Here, we present a simulation study of a potential radiofrequency (RF) localization system designed to track intrafraction motion (target motion during the radiation treatment). This system includes skin-wearable RF beacons and an external tracking system. We develop an analytical model for direction of arrival measurement with radio frequencies (GHz range) for use in a localization estimate. We use a Monte Carlo simulation to investigate the relationship between a localization estimate and angular resolution of sensors (signal receivers) in a simulated room. The results indicate that the external sensor needs an angular resolution of about 0.03 degrees to achieve millimeter-level localization accuracy in a treatment room. This fundamental study of a novel RF localization system offers the groundwork to design a radiotherapy-compatible patient positioning system for active motion compensation. View Full-Text
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Ostyn, M.; Kim, S.; Yeo, W.-H. A Simulation Study of a Radiofrequency Localization System for Tracking Patient Motion in Radiotherapy. Sensors 2016, 16, 534.
Ostyn M, Kim S, Yeo W-H. A Simulation Study of a Radiofrequency Localization System for Tracking Patient Motion in Radiotherapy. Sensors. 2016; 16(4):534.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ostyn, Mark; Kim, Siyong; Yeo, Woon-Hong. 2016. "A Simulation Study of a Radiofrequency Localization System for Tracking Patient Motion in Radiotherapy." Sensors 16, no. 4: 534.
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