Towards Automated Large-Scale 3D Phenotyping of Vineyards under Field Conditions
AbstractIn viticulture, phenotypic data are traditionally collected directly in the field via visual and manual means by an experienced person. This approach is time consuming, subjective and prone to human errors. In recent years, research therefore has focused strongly on developing automated and non-invasive sensor-based methods to increase data acquisition speed, enhance measurement accuracy and objectivity and to reduce labor costs. While many 2D methods based on image processing have been proposed for field phenotyping, only a few 3D solutions are found in the literature. A track-driven vehicle consisting of a camera system, a real-time-kinematic GPS system for positioning, as well as hardware for vehicle control, image storage and acquisition is used to visually capture a whole vine row canopy with georeferenced RGB images. In the first post-processing step, these images were used within a multi-view-stereo software to reconstruct a textured 3D point cloud of the whole grapevine row. A classification algorithm is then used in the second step to automatically classify the raw point cloud data into the semantic plant components, grape bunches and canopy. In the third step, phenotypic data for the semantic objects is gathered using the classification results obtaining the quantity of grape bunches, berries and the berry diameter. View Full-Text
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Rose, J.C.; Kicherer, A.; Wieland, M.; Klingbeil, L.; Töpfer, R.; Kuhlmann, H. Towards Automated Large-Scale 3D Phenotyping of Vineyards under Field Conditions. Sensors 2016, 16, 2136.
Rose JC, Kicherer A, Wieland M, Klingbeil L, Töpfer R, Kuhlmann H. Towards Automated Large-Scale 3D Phenotyping of Vineyards under Field Conditions. Sensors. 2016; 16(12):2136.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rose, Johann C.; Kicherer, Anna; Wieland, Markus; Klingbeil, Lasse; Töpfer, Reinhard; Kuhlmann, Heiner. 2016. "Towards Automated Large-Scale 3D Phenotyping of Vineyards under Field Conditions." Sensors 16, no. 12: 2136.
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