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Sensors 2016, 16(12), 2092; doi:10.3390/s16122092

Resonance-Based Reflector and Its Application in Unidirectional Antenna with Low-Profile and Broadband Characteristics for Wireless Applications

1
Guangxi Key Laboratory of Wireless Wideband Communication and Signal Processing, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China
2
Key Laboratory of Microwave and Optical Wave-Applied Technology, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vittorio M. N. Passaro
Received: 11 October 2016 / Revised: 4 December 2016 / Accepted: 5 December 2016 / Published: 9 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [11367 KB, uploaded 9 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this research, the novel concept of a resonance-based reflector (RBR) was proposed, and a ring-shaped RBR was utilized to design a unidirectional antenna with low-profile and broadband characteristics. Research found the ring operates as two half-wavelength (λ/2) resonators. Then, the resonance effect transforms the reflection phase of the ring RBR, and achieves a reflection phase of 0° < ϕ < 180° in a wide frequency range above the resonance. Then, the in-phase reflection characteristic (−90° < ϕ < 90°) can be obtained in the wide frequency band by placing an antenna above the RBR with a distance smaller than λ/4. Two unidirectional antennas, named Case 1 and Case 2, were designed with the ring-shaped RBRs and bowtie antennas (RBR-BAs). The impedance bandwidths of Case 1 and the Case 2 are 2.04–5.12 GHz (86.3%) and 1.97–5.01 GHz (87.1%), respectively. The front-to-back ratio (FBR, an important parameter to measure the unidirectional radiation) of Case 1 ranges from 5–9.9 dB for frequencies 2.04–2.42 GHz, and the FBR of Case 2 ranges from 5–16 dB for frequencies 2.16–3.15 GHz. The proposed concept of RBR is desirable in wideband unidirectional antenna design, and the designing antennas can be used at the front end of wireless systems—such as indoors communication, remote sensing, and wireless sensor systems—for signal receiving or transmitting. View Full-Text
Keywords: resonance based reflector; low profile; broadband; unidirectional; wireless applications resonance based reflector; low profile; broadband; unidirectional; wireless applications
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Peng, L.; Xie, J.-Y.; Sun, K.; Jiang, X.; Li, S.-M. Resonance-Based Reflector and Its Application in Unidirectional Antenna with Low-Profile and Broadband Characteristics for Wireless Applications. Sensors 2016, 16, 2092.

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