Indoor Location Sensing with Invariant Wi-Fi Received Signal Strength Fingerprinting
AbstractA method of location fingerprinting based on the Wi-Fi received signal strength (RSS) in an indoor environment is presented. The method aims to overcome the RSS instability due to varying channel disturbances in time by introducing the concept of invariant RSS statistics. The invariant RSS statistics represent here the RSS distributions collected at individual calibration locations under minimal random spatiotemporal disturbances in time. The invariant RSS statistics thus collected serve as the reference pattern classes for fingerprinting. Fingerprinting is carried out at an unknown location by identifying the reference pattern class that maximally supports the spontaneous RSS sensed from individual Wi-Fi sources. A design guideline is also presented as a rule of thumb for estimating the number of Wi-Fi signal sources required to be available for any given number of calibration locations under a certain level of random spatiotemporal disturbances. Experimental results show that the proposed method not only provides 17% higher success rate than conventional ones but also removes the need for recalibration. Furthermore, the resolution is shown finer by 40% with the execution time more than an order of magnitude faster than the conventional methods. These results are also backed up by theoretical analysis. View Full-Text
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Husen, M.N.; Lee, S. Indoor Location Sensing with Invariant Wi-Fi Received Signal Strength Fingerprinting. Sensors 2016, 16, 1898.
Husen MN, Lee S. Indoor Location Sensing with Invariant Wi-Fi Received Signal Strength Fingerprinting. Sensors. 2016; 16(11):1898.Chicago/Turabian Style
Husen, Mohd N.; Lee, Sukhan. 2016. "Indoor Location Sensing with Invariant Wi-Fi Received Signal Strength Fingerprinting." Sensors 16, no. 11: 1898.
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